Mid-point algorithm is due to Bresenham which was modified by Pitteway and Van Aken. Assume that you have already put the point P at (x, y) coordinate and the slope of the line is 0 ≤ k ≤ 1 as shown in the following illustration. Now you need to decide whether to put the next … Continue reading What is Mid-Point Algorithm?
The Bresenham algorithm is another incremental scan conversion algorithm. The big advantage of this algorithm is that, it uses only integer calculations. Moving across the x axis in unit intervals and at each step choose between two different y coordinates. For example, as shown in the following illustration, from position (2, 3) you need to … Continue reading What is Bresenham Algorithm ?
A line connects two points. It is a basic element in graphics. To draw a line, you need two points between which you can draw a line. In the following three algorithms, we refer the one point of line as X0,Y0X0,Y0 and the second point of line as X1,Y1X1,Y1. DDA Algorithm Digital Differential Analyzer (DDA) … Continue reading What is DDA Algorithm ?
A majority of the internet uses a protocol suite called the Internet Protocol Suite also known as the TCP/IP protocol suite. This suite is a combination of protocols which encompasses a number of different protocols for different purpose and need. Because the two major protocols in this suites are TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) and IP … Continue reading What is TCP/IP ?
Network management refers to the broad subject of managing computer networks. There exists a wide variety of software and hardware products that help network system administrators manage a network. Network management covers a wide area, including: Security: Ensuring that the network is protected from unauthorized users. Performance: Eliminating bottlenecks in the network. Reliability: Making sure … Continue reading What is Network Management ?
A digital certificate is an electronic "passport" that allows a person, computer or organization to exchange information securely over the Internet using the public key infrastructure (PKI). A digital certificate may also be referred to as a public key certificate. Just like a passport, a digital certificate provides identifying information, is forgery resistant and can … Continue reading What is Digital Certificate?
The most distinct feature of Public Key Infrastructure (PKC) is that it uses a pair of keys to achieve the underlying security service. The key pair comprises of private key and public key. Since the public keys are in open domain, they are likely to be abused. It is, thus, necessary to establish and maintain … Continue reading What is public key infrastructure ?
Out of all cryptographic primitives, the digital signature using public key cryptography is considered as very important and useful tool to achieve information security. Apart from ability to provide non-repudiation of message, the digital signature also provides message authentication and data integrity. Let us briefly see how this is achieved by the digital signature − … Continue reading Importance of Digital Signature.
Digital signatures are the public-key primitives of message authentication. In the physical world, it is common to use handwritten signatures on handwritten or typed messages. They are used to bind signatory to the message. Similarly, a digital signature is a technique that binds a person/entity to the digital data. This binding can be independently verified … Continue reading What is Digital Signature?
In the present era, not only business but almost all the aspects of human life are driven by information. Hence, it has become imperative to protect useful information from malicious activities such as attacks. Let us consider the types of attacks to which information is typically subjected to. Attacks are typically categorized based on the … Continue reading What is Attacks and explain its type.